- Cluster OS Rolling Upgrade: Enables you to upgrade your server clusters from Windows Server 2012 R2 to Windows Server 2016 while continuing to provide service to your users
- Nano Server
- Containers – existed almost entirely in the Linux/UNIX open-source world. They allow you to isolate applications and services in an agile, easy-to-administer way. Windows Server 2016 offers two different types of “containerized” Windows Server instances: Windows Server Container and Hyper-V Containers (Detail in notes)
- Linux Secure Boot – can now deploy Linux VMs under Windows Server 2016 Hyper-V with no trouble without having to disable the otherwise stellar Secure Boot feature
- ReFS – is stable and intended as a high-performance, high-resiliency file system intended for use with Storage Spaces Direct (discussed next in this article) and Hyper-V workloads.
- Storage Spaces Direct – to create redundant and flexible disk storage. allow failover cluster nodes to use their local storage inside this cluster, avoiding the previous necessity of a shared storage fabric.
- ADFS v4 – support for OpenID Connect-based authentication, multi-factor authentication (MFA), and what Microsoft calls “hybrid conditional access
- Nested Virtualization support – capability of a virtual machine to itself host virtual machines
- Hyper-V Hot-Add Virtual Hardware – adjust the allocated RAM, add vNIC
- PowerShell Direct – PS remoting commands now have -VM* parameters that allows us to send PowerShell directly into the Hyper-V host’s VMs!
- Shielded VMs – The new Host Guardian Service server role, which hosts the shielded VM feature allows much deeper, fine-grained control over Hyper-V VM access.
- remotely administered server operating system optimized for private clouds and datacenters
- Similar to Windows Server in Server Core mode, but significantly smaller, has no local logon capability
- only supports 64-bit applications, tools, and agents.
Nano Server is ideal for a number of scenarios:
- As a “compute” host for Hyper-V virtual machines, either in clusters or not
- As a storage host for Scale-Out File Server.
- As a DNS server
- As a web server running Internet Information Services (IIS)
- As a host for applications that are developed using cloud application patterns and run in a container or virtual machine guest operating system
Windows Server Container. This container type is intended for low-trust workloads where you don’t mind that container instances running on the same server may share some common resources
Hyper-V Container. This isn’t a Hyper-V host or VM. Instead, its a “super isolated” containerized Windows Server instance that is completely isolated from other containers and potentially from the host server. Hyper-V containers are appropriate for high-trust workloads